Biological Fertilizer vs Organic Fertilizer
Advantages and Disadvantages
Organic Fertilizer and Biological Fertilizer, both are intended to enrich the soil. However, farmers usually only know that biological fertilizers is the same with organic fertilizers, so that when we introduce the term bio-fertilizers to farmers it will be synonymous with organic fertilizer. Whether it is solid or liquid, farmers know him as organic fertilizer. Even though both are very different.
Biological fertilizer is engineered biotechnology useful for agricultural. generally the main content is microorganisms, beneficial for soil fertility and plant growth both vegetative and generative. Biological fertilizer does not contain nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. However, microorganisms contained in it, when in the soil can produce nitrogen from the air tethered, outlines P and K are bound to other compounds.
Organic fertilizer is a collective name for all types of organic material from plants and animals that can be converted into nutrients available to plants. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, organic fertilizers are fertilizers that are mostly or entirely composed of organic material derived from plants and or animals that have been through the process of engineering, can be solid or liquid that is used to supply organic matter to improve the physical, chemical, and biological ground.
Disadvantages of Organic Fertilizer
- Small amounts of nutrient content, so that a given amount of fertilizer to be relatively large number when compared with inorganic fertilizer.
- Since it requires a large amount, require additional operational costs for transport and its implementation.
- In the short term, especially for soils that have poor nutrient, organic fertilizer which requires a large amount so that it becomes the burden of the cost for farmers. While the reaction or response of crops to organic fertilizer is not as spectacular artificial fertilizer. Longer production process compared to chemical fertilizers.
- Longer production process compared to chemical fertilizers.
- The growth of organic fertilizer for longer than chemical fertilizers
- Organic fertilizers are more expensive than the chemical fertilizer (subsidized)
- Derived from living things that may die, so that the biological fertilizer can not be stored for long periods (more than 2 years)
- Can not be applied in conjunction with chemical fertilizers or pesticides
- Over time, the existing microbial populations may decline (death), thus reducing the quality